Monday, May 2, 2016

Obesity and Risk Factors – I

Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health. Obesity is not just a cosmetic consideration. It is a chronic medical disease. The definition of obesity varies depending on what one reads. In general, overweight and obesity indicate a weight greater than what is considered healthy.  




Why do people become obese-?
  • Energy imbalance over a long period of time.
  • Energy in> energy out
  • Excess calories and lack of physical activity.
  • Some illnesses may lead to weight gain.
  • Certain medications like steroids and antidepressants may also cause weight gain.
  • Genetics, environmental factors, psychological issues.


Health risk associated with obesity-
Obesity is a known risk factor for several life-threatening medical conditions. There are many diseases occurs from obesity.


-Cardio vascular diseases
Being overweight can lead to high blood pressure and related complications.

1. Stroke
2. Hypertension
3. Diabetes
4. Blood vessel damage
5. Heart attack

-Pulmonary Diseases
1. Sleep apnea
2. Obesity hypoventilation syndrome
3. Asthma

-Gynecological Abnormalities
1. Infertility
2. Abnormal menses
3. Polycystic ovarian syndrome
4. Urinary incontinence

-Cancer
1. Breast
2. Uterus
3. Cervix
4. Colon
5. Esophagus
6. Pancreas
7. Kidney

-Psychological disorders
1. Depression
2. Stress incontinence
3. Mechanical Stress

-Some other diseases
 1. Metabolic Syndrome
2. Dislipidemia
3. GERD (Gastro esophageal reflux disease)
4. Pseudo tumor Cerebri
5. Orthritis
6. Low back pain
7. Gout
8. Gall bladder disease
9. Sex hormone imbalance
10. Increased free fatty acids
11. Hormone dependent tumors
12. Shortness of breath
13. Myocardial infarction
14. Peripheral artery disease

Fight obesity with exercise

Obesity exercise doesn’t have to be complicated. Many forms of strenuous exercise can be difficult if you are obese, but you can lose weight and fight obesity with a simple exercise plan that increases you heart rate and helps your body burn fat.

-Exercise prescription

You need to follow a proper exercise prescription that suits you. Don’t expect too much of yourself. Your intensity will increase gradually.

In addition to aerobic activity, you should engage in weight training
Routine or resistance training, finally, your Exercise programmed should include stretching exercises for enhanced Flexibility and mobility. Focus on the quantity and quality of the exercise and not on the amount of weight lost. If exercise is regularly performed, the excess fat will definitely come off!


Dr.Meenakshi Sharma,
Senior Fitness Manager,
YFC - MP

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